带有琴键、音管的简易发音装置 专利CN87204671UA类

田志祥  2017-1-31 23:40
0
一种简易发音装置,它是由琴键、音管所组成。它兼有乐器和积木的功能,能拆能拼,儿童可以用它拼装音列、音阶奏出美妙的音乐,使儿童在游戏中学习音乐基础知识,具有较强的趣味性、知识性和实用性。 说明

本实用新型是一种儿童玩具。

近年来,国内外出现了许多组合式少儿智力玩具,如魔方、魔板、汉字字根积木等,但是用于音乐游戏并且能够用作积木玩具的还没有出现。

本实用新型的目的是,兼取乐器和积木的长处,设计一种能拆能拼,音形兼备的组合音乐玩具和教具,同时也能够作为一种儿童乐器和积木玩具使用。

本实用新型是由琴键和音管(簧音管、唇音管均可)构成。琴键是仿钢琴琴键的样子做的,其大小也跟一般钢琴琴键相当,内部是空心的,最好用富有弹性的材料(如软塑料等)做成,如果弹力不够,内部可以衬以钢丝弹簧,琴键分为白、黑两类,亦可称为白键和黑键。白键又叫做基本音级键外形如图1;它们的末端都开有一个圆形小孔,供插入基本音级音管,表面印有相应音级的名称,手按键面,压迫琴键内部的空气成为气流通过音管排出,音管从而发出相应高度的乐音,手指松开后,键体依靠弹性恢复原状。黑键又叫做变化音级键外形如图1,表面涂以黑色,末端开有一个圆孔,供插入变化音级音管,在黑色表面印有相应音级的名称、手按键面产生气流使音管发出相应高度的乐音,手指松开后,键体恢复原状。白键和黑键的数量应根据整个键盘式音级加变化音级积木的音域来确定,这个音域最好跟幼儿一般噪音音域(a~e2)相符,因而以白键12个,黑键8个为宜。白键和黑键是离散性的发音元件,在游戏和演奏时,首先应仿照钢琴键盘由低到高地排列成一个音列,然后就可以演凑出动听的音乐。琴键除了仿造钢琴琴键的样子外,还可以做成简谱符号,五线谱符号,动物、植物等形象,也可以做成正面体或方柱体等,不同的表面印上不同的颜色或画面,一种颜色表面或画面表示一种调各面印上所插音管的该调的唱名。音管(或簧音管、唇音管均可)为一小园柱体,内部是小空心,在园柱体的一端的空心中,嵌有一金属薄片,如附图2所示。本实用新型可以拼装、也可以拆开,进行各种排列,增强了音乐玩具的趣味性,使儿童在游戏中学习音乐基础知识。

现结合附图描述最佳实施例:图1是琴键示意图;图2是音管示意图。

带有琴键和音管的简易发音装置其琴键用白色塑料做成空心白键,用黑色塑料做成空心黑键,如果弹性不够,可在白键和黑键内衬以弹簧,并在表面适当位置印上音名,最后把从乐器厂采购来的音管插入相应的白键或黑键末端的小孔内,并用粘接剂将键孔与音管的缝隙密封粘牢,新形成了一个个简易发音装置。

专利公开号:CN87204671U 专利状态/类型:授权 专利申请号:CN 87204671 专利公开日:1988年8月17日 专利申请日:1987年5月12日 发明者:田志祥 申请人:田志祥
分类
国际分类号G10D15/00, A63H5/00
法律事件
日期代码事件说明
1988年8月17日C06Publication
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